Smederevo

The Smederevo municipality covers an area of 481.5 km² and is bordered by the Danube on the north, the Velika Morava River on the east, and the Šumadija hills to the south and west. It is part of the northernmost part of the Pomoravlje region and the northeast part of the Šumadija hills.

The Smederevo municipality has an extremely favourable tourist geographic position and is located on the most attractive part of the Danube riverbank in Serbia, with a shore that is suitable for constructing ports and marinas, with nearby industrially developed areas, on the international Corridor 7.

Smederevo was first mentioned in the 1019 AD Charter by the Byzantine Emperor Basil II, under the name of “Sphenteromon”.
The natural potentials for the development of tourism in the Smederevo municipality are reflected in the gentle landscape of the Danube riverbank and the hilly terrain covered in vineyards and orchards, the moderate continental climate, the wealth of surface waters of the Danube, Great Morava, Jezava, Ralja, and Konjska („Horse“) River and artificial lakes, the protected „Šalinački lug” ancient oak forest and an abundance of small and large game, and various fish.

The first body of water destined for us was the Panonian Sea, our connection to the pre-Slavic demons, protectors and avengers, because we built our city on the bottom of the Panonian Sea. In the forgotten lagoons of Dreša’s branch of the river, washed out by the Danube ever since those times, the mischievous demon “KEMZA” remains, who upsets the boats of drunken fishermen to this day.

The Danube is the second body of water we are destined to be tied to. It was the waterway by which we sent our culture and gentry to the world in medieval times, and it was how the world came to us. The Smederevo freshwater mussel, the golden carp and 120-kg-sturgeons live only in Dreša’s branch. Some ten kilometres from Smederevo the largest Serbian river, the Great Morava, runs into the Danube. The Great Morava runs through the Smederevo municipality for a length of 27 km.

Živa voda (Live Water) is our third destined water. The Artesian well that quenched the thirst of Smederevo. It is lukewarm and smells of boiled eggs, and whoever tastes it finds it nauseous. Whoever drinks it a second time, remains in Smederevo and becomes one of its own!

There are thermal waters at Jugovo, located at a depth of 746m to 892m, with a water temperature of 66ºC and high mineral and salt content, giving it the flavor of sea water. These thermal waters contribute to our potential for developing spa tourism on the renowned Smederevo excursion spot – Jugovo, which is located 5km from the centre of the city.


The Velika (“Great”) Morava is the other large river near Smederevo, stretching, in its lower parts, from Veliko Orašje to its confluence with the Danube 12km downstream from Smederevo.
There are several lakes near Smederevo that were created by machines extracting gravel. On the Smederevo – Smederevska Palanka road, near Dobri Do (23 km from Smederevo) there is an artificial lake, the so-called Azanjsko jezero.


Member in Smederevo, Serbia

The Fortress Theatre Festival

 The Fortress Theatre is a new festival on the cultural skies of Serbia. It’s a unique cultural production which didn’t exist in our country before. Smederevo with its unique fortress is a great challenge to start such a summer cultural offer and production. A step towards accomplishing this idea was recognising the potentials of the Smederevo fortress, especially the Small Town, a stage that seems to be waiting for its actors, audience, applause. And it is not only the fascinating Small Town that is attractive for performing and producing theatre events; the entire interior of the fortress is a space suitable for many artistic actions.
And so, with a vision of a distinctive festival, started the initiative of valuating those spaces and reviving them through the spirit of art and theatre. Enthusiasm and support of the town of Smederevo gives us strength to fight for this festival, in the year which is inauspicious for culture and art in general.

The Festival has got all preconditions to grow every year, to rise step by step to heights that it will doubtlessly reach in the time to come. When – already next year – the Festival will start its own production, when performances will be made for that very stage and the specific perspectives which are plentiful in the Smederevo fortress, the Fortress Theatre will prove that it was this very festival that lacked in the cultural offer of Serbia.

 

Branislava Liješević, Artistic Director of the Festival

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